About the author

Ken Mafli

Ken Mafli

is passionate about Theological Anthropology and has been studying the Bible, humanity, and how we relate to God for over 20 years.

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    I’ve been searching for portrayals of Biblical cosmology, and I have to say the one you’ve put on the page is the most vivid. If you’re the artist, my tip of the hat to your talent, and if not, kudos for featuring such a descriptive illustration.

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      Ken Mafli

      Ken Mafli

      Well thank you very much. Yes, it is my work – I appreciate the kind words… 🙂

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        Joe Black

        Just curious: God made the firmament so it states that it is a solid object. However, in Gen 1:14 it states God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven. Now, I think this is where people get confused. (or me) I would like to focus on —-( in the firmament) God put the sun, moon and stars IN the firmament. He did not say under the firmament or over the firmament but IN the firmament.
        I was wondering, if there is a vast open space between the firmament meaning like and upper and lower solid dome and the sun, moon and stars are moving IN the firmament of that space. Thus, when the sun shines its WHITE light and passes through the lower dome that we get an orange sun and rainbows. Light must pass through glass/crystal to achieve a rainbow or even moondogs. This can be why our real ceiling of flight is not much over 100,000 feet and why we cant go to the moon. Why stars fall and streak sideways across the sky at the end burning up as they slide along the dome. There must be some type of protective dome since God promised Noah that the earth would never be flooded again and that the rainbow was the proof of that promise as if he made a protective dome of crystal. (water tight and sealed by God) This may account for hundreds of pounds of ice blocks falling out of the sky on a clear blue day. Ice build up or something on the dome?

        Anyways just a thought! I would love to hear your thoughts

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    Henk de Vries

    Yes, I like the picture of the Hebrew understanding of the cosmos also.
    I am curious what is your argument for the following statement:

    It is interesting that there was not an expectation of living in Heaven with God for the ancient Hebrews.

    Your remark made me think of Ps 16 (I give here the NASB95 version):

    10 For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol;
    Nor will You ballow Your Holy One to undergo decay.
    11 You will make known to me the path of life;
    In Your presence is fullness of joy;
    In Your right hand there are pleasures forever.

    That I have always understood as speaking of a sort of after-life.

    kind regards,



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